Definitive Backup and Recovery Glossary for 2017

Solutions Review has compiled a glossary of terms for backup and disaster recovery beginners or pros. This resource aims to keep you up to date on the latest lingo. Be sure to bookmark this page and check back regularly for updates.

Automatic backup: A system that enables the recovery of data stored on computers which is typically automated, eliminating the need for manual backups.

Archive data: Data that has to be kept by a business for regulatory compliance or data that is not being used, but still kept on a storage device.

Backup: The onsite and offsite storage of data copies.

Backup and recovery testing: The process of testing the backup and recovery tools a business has in place, before they are necessary.

Backup as a service: An approach to backing up data that involves buying backup and recovery services from a managed service provider.

Backup log: A log that keeps track of events that happen during the backup process.

Business continuity: A series of procedures a business has in place to keep operations running should disaster strike.

Cloud backup: The process of backing up your data in the cloud as opposed to on-prem or in a data center.

Cold/Warm/Hot site: The various types of recovery sites with each level indicating how much time it will take to fail over and start operating again.

Compliance: Conforming to a set of rules, usually established by a governing body. In terms of Data Management, compliance refers to the following of collection and usage techniques which safeguard private data, and is often used in highly-regulated industries.

Data archiving: The process of moving unused data to a storage device.

Data center: A group of networked computers used for storage, processing and distributing data.

Data Replication: The frequent copying of data from a database to another so that all users may share the same level of information, resulting in a distributed database that allows users to access data relevant to their own specific tasks.

Data restore: The process of copying files from a backup to the original location.

Disaster recovery: The method your organization will use to get your business back up and running after a disaster.

DRaaS: Disaster Recovery as a Service, or DRaaS, is a method of disaster recovery where testing and infrastructure are outsourced to a vendor who will provide failover during an incident. There’s a wide array of vendors in this space who offer various features and capabilities within their platforms.

Disaster recovery site: A place where an organization can move to after an incident.

Failover: In the event of an incident, organizations are able to switch from a production to recovery site and that is referred to as failover.

High Availability: This term is used when an environment has a high amount of uptime.

Mirroring: The process of copying data from one site to another.

RPO/RTO: Recovery Point Objective or Recovery Time Objective refers to the targeted amount of time in which a business process must be restored after an incident to prevent permanent data loss.